Punta de Manresa
Not far away from La Victòria is the Natural Area of Punta de Manresa, which is a beautiful rocky area with many shallow coves.
The Roman conquest and occupation.
In the year 123 BC. the Senate of Rome organizes an expedition directed by Quinto Cecilio Metelo, which later got the name "The Balearic ", with the purpose of conquering the Balearic Islands and thus ending the piracy acts that were taking place along the coasts frequented by the increasing Roman sea trade.
The irruption of the Latin culture, not only in Pollentia but on the whole island, implied the incorporation to a unit of superior organization, the Republican Rome.
We have to suppose that the foundation of Pollentia was carried out at all times with the corresponding rituals of foundation, directed by the augur, and that their city-planning development was subject to a plan as the archaeological sources show. The result was a planned city, with neat streets, sewers and even drinking water provision. Pollentia reached its maximum development during the 1st and the 2nd century BC, with the construction of the Theater on the outskirts, next to the harbour.
From the 3rd century BC and together with the general crisis of the empire, the city starts a slow backward movement that ends up with its desertion in the early 5th century.
The Latin culture has left its stamp in the whole Mediterranean. Our language, the laws, the uses and customs that last until today are a good proof of it.
The City of Pollentia is an obligatory reference to understand the process of romanisation of the Balearics and constitute a únicum in the Balearic archaeology , which started already in the 18th century, with the first accidental find, to the present time with the excavation campaigns that are carried out every year in Pollentia site. These campaigns help us to know more about it.
The rise of Alcúdia, Islamic Al-Qudya (10th-13th century)
Although there were previous contacts, in 903 the Muslims settled down on the island until the arrival of Jaume I el Conquistador in the year 1229.
Isam Al-Jawlani was the first to be named governor and initiated the reorganization of the island. The urban life concentrated in the capital Medina Mayurqa, while the rest of the island was organized in districts populated with farmsteads and villages (rafales). It will be at this moment when the term Al-Qudya will first appear, associated to the district of Bullânsa, which stems from the old Latin word Pollentia.
During this period the agriculture bloomed thanks to new watering techniques facilitated by the use of the chain pump. Crops introduced by the Romans were recovered and new ones started like cotton and rice.
Medina Mayurqa became a very important trade centre that attracted traders from all over the Mediterranean. In the same way it was a center of cultural attraction where artists, poets, philosophers or mathematicians developed their activity.
The conquest by King Jaume I, creation of the Kingdom of Mallorca (Year 1229)
With the conquest of the island by the troops of Jaume I, also called "the Conqueror", a new stage began in which the sociopolitical basis, the language, the laws, the institutions and the customs that have marked the insular character until now settled down Ships from the catalan harbours of Cambrils and Tarragona set sail to Mallorca on the fifth of September 1229 and they went ashore on the 10th of September. It was not until the 31st of December same year when the Catalan troops entered the capital Medina Mayurqa.
Once established the new power, this begun to share out the land according to the King´s promises. The Llibre del Repartiment (1232) states this distribution of land that took place between the King and his direct vassals. The base of this distribution was the old division in Islamic districts that the conquerors had founded. The present borough of Alcúdia went into the King´s share.
In the year 1248 the papal bull by Innocent IV first records the Parish of Sant Jaume de Guinyent that later would be known as Sant Jaume d´Alcúdia. It is in 1282 when Alcúdiaappears for the first time in a legal record.
In the reign of Jaume II, Alcúdia is granted the titel of Vila and initiates the process of construction of the Walls with the purpose of protecting not only Villa de Alcúdia but also the landing to the island from the North-east.
The construction of the Walls was a hard burden for the inhabitants of Alcúdia, who had to share their agricultural tasks and the fishing with the works of construction and vigilance. The works ended in the year 1363.
One of the main economic activities during the Middle Age was the growing of grapevine and winemaking for the export.The commercial activity through the harbour was significant. The fishing of chorale for the jewel elaboration constituted an important complement for the economy of many fishermen.